Lesson of the Day #3 - grain, hops, yeast, and water
Now that we know the 4 main ingredients in beer — grain, hops, yeast, and water — what do they contribute?
maltose - fermentable sugar that feeds the yeast
proteins - contributes to the foam or head
dextrins - carbohydrates that contribute to the mouthfeel or viscosity
Hops provide F.A.B.S.:
Aroma - from the oils in the hops
Bitterness - the type and amount offsets the sweetness of the malt/maltose/sugar
Stability - acids in the hops stave off bacterial contamination and add to shelf life
Yeast provides fermentation - converting the maltose into alcohol and CO2 for carbonation.
Water provides 90-95% of a beer’s content, and the type and amount of minerals can be manipulated for the style of beer being brewed.
Trivia Question - What does beer have to do with your honeymoon?
Answer - In ancient Babylon, the father of the bride would provide his new son-in-law with all the mead he could drink for the first month after the wedding. Mead is a beer made from honey so this period was called the honey month, which we today call the honeymoon.